A cascading waterfall flows into the waters below in the temperate rain forest near Port Alice. The misty waters of the falls run down a rocky embankment within the lush forest. The rainforest is dense with lush green foliage that surround the falls and the water below.
There are two types of rain forest, tropical and temperate. A tropical rain forest is an ecosystem that is north or south of the equator within 10 degrees such as in Asia, Africa, Central America or Mexico. A temperate rain forest is close to an ocean such as coastal mountains which increase rainfall on the side of the ocean. These rain forests also have fog in the summer which help keep the forests cool and moist. Because of the amount of rain in the native temperate rain forest of Northern Vancouver Island, waterfalls such as this one flow year round.
Rainforests provide one quarter of the world's medicines giving it the name "world's largest pharmacy". Many millions of species of plants, insects and micro organisms are estimated to be still undiscovered in the rain forests.
Four layers make up a rain forest, they are known as the emergent, canopy, understory and forest floor.
Waterfall in the rain forest near Port Alice, Northern Vancouver Island, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada.
I photographed this photo with the digital SLR camera model Canon EOS-1Ds Mark III, aperture of f/22.0, exposure time of 16/10 sec. on ISO 100, as always I used a original Canon Lens, the focus lenght for this picture was 14mm.
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